Deutsche Lufthansa AG (German pronunciation: [ˈdɔʏt͡ʃə ˈlʊfthanza]), commonly known as Lufthansa, is the flag carrier of lt Germany and also the largest airline in Europe, both in terms of overall passengers carried and fleet size It operates services to 18 domestic destinations and 197 international destinations in 78 countries across Africa, the Americas, Asia, and Europe using a fleet of more than 280 aircraft.Besides the actual airline named Lufthansa, Deutsche Lufthansa AG is also the parent company for several other airlines and further aviation-related branches, among the most well-known are Swiss International Air Lines and Lufthansa Technik. With over 620 aircraft, it has one of the largest passenger airline fleets in the world when combined with its subsidiaries. In 2012, the entire Lufthansa Group carried over 103 million passengers.
Lufthansa's registered office and corporate headquarters are in lt Cologne. The main operations base, called Lufthansa Aviation Center (LAC), is located at Lufthansa's primary traffic hub at Frankfurt Airport.   The majority of Lufthansa's pilots, ground staff, and flight attendants are based there.Lufthansa's secondary hub is Munich Airport with a third, considerably smaller one maintained at Düsseldorf Airport which transfers to lt Germanwings so Lufthansa only operate just around 10 destinations excluded seasonal which all has been transferred to Germanwings
Lufthansa is also a founding member of Star Alliance, the world's largest airline alliance, formed in 1997.
Having been a state-owned enterprise until 1994, the majority of Lufthansa's shares are nowadays held by private investors (88.52%), as well as MGL Gesellschaft für Luftverkehrswerte (10.05%), Deutsche Postbank (1.03%), and Deutsche Bank (0.4%).
The name of the company is derived from Luft (the German word for "air"), and Hansa (a Latin term referring to the Hanseatic League).